NTB BACKGROUND IN KENYA
Kenya and other East African Community Partner States have committed themselves to a Time Bound Programme on elimination of Non-Tariff Barriers (NBTs) that undermine available market access and smooth flow of trade across the borders. In this regard, a legally binding enforceable mechanism has been formulated with twofold objectives;
- Facilitate removal of NTBs including quantitative or like restrictions or prohibitions and any form of administrative obstacles to trade among Partner States,
- Set up institutional structures for elimination of NTBs. To this end, each Partner State is expected to establish a National Monitoring Committee and a Focal Point for purposes of identifying, monitoring and elimination of NTBs. Discourage imposition of new NTBs through sanctions.
DEFINITION - WTO , TRADE BARRIERS & WIKIPEDIA
Non-Tariff Barriers (NTBs) refer to restrictions that result from prohibitions, conditions, or specific market requirements that make importation or exportation of products difficult and/or costly. NTBs also include unjustified and/or improper application of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) such as sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures and other technical barriers to Trade (TBT).
NTBs arise from different measures taken by governments and authorities in the form of government laws, regulations, policies, conditions, restrictions or specific requirements, and private sector business practices, or prohibitions that protect the domestic industries from foreign competition.
Non-tariff barriers to trade (NTBs) or sometimes called “Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs)” are trade barriers that restrict imports or exports of goods or services through mechanisms other than the simple imposition of tariffs.
“a Non-Tariff Barrier is any obstacle to international trade that is not an import or export duty. They may take the form of import quotas, subsidies, customs delays, technical barriers, or other systems preventing or impeding trade.” According to the World Trade Organisation, non-tariff barriers to trade include import licensing, rules for valuation of goods at customs, pre-shipment inspections, rules of origin (‘made in’), and trade prepared investment measures.